The Maha Parinirvan Special
Tour Train is an exclusive air conditioned train and does not
carry passengers other than those booked with IRCTC for this
2. Security on train
Private Security Guards.
3. On-board Hygienic Kitchen
The passengers can choose
from an assortment of sumptuous hot meals ( Veg / Non Veg),
snacks and cold drinks. Packaged drinking water, tea and coffee
are also available to the passengers in ample quantity.
4. On-board Clean and
Hygienic Lavatories and Showers
For the convenience of the
passengers, clean and hygienic lavatories and showers are
5. Accommodation in
comfortable Hotels of the Buddhist Circuit
Accommodation in comfortable
hotels of the Buddhist Circuit.
6. Visa Facilitation for
For visiting Lumbini (Nepal),
acquiring the Nepal visa is facilitated by IRCTC. The passenger
needs to carry the requisite documents, photographs etc. It is,
however, recommended that tourists should obtain the visa in
advance before arriving in India.
7. Insurance Cover
All passengers are provided
with Comprehensive Insurance Cover for the duration of the
8. Language Guide
On sufficient advance
information, tour guides of various languages would be provided
for sizeable groups.
derives its name from the mythological demon Gayasur (which
literally means Gaya the holy demon), demon (asur, a Sanskrit
word) and Gaya. Lord Vishnu killed Gayasur, the holy demon by
using the pressure of his foot over him. This incident
transformed Gayasur into the series of rocky hills that make up
the landscape of the Gaya city. Gaya was so holy that he had
the power to absolve the sins of those who touched him or
looked at him; after his death many people have flocked to Gaya
to perform shraddha sacrifices on his body to absolve the sins
of their ancestors. The most popular temple today is Vishnupad
Temple, a place along the Falgu River, marked by a footprint of
Vishnu incised into a block of basalt that marks the act of
Lord Vishnu subduing Gayasur by placing his foot on Gayasurs
chest. Buddhist tradition regards the footstep in the Vishnupad
Temple as a footstep of Buddha. For Buddhists, Gaya is an
important pilgrimage place because it was at Brahmayoni hill
that Buddha preached the Fire Sermon (Adittapariyaya Sutta) to
one thousand former fire-worshipping ascetics, who all became
enlightened while listening to this discourse. At that time,
the hill was called Gayasisa.
According to Buddhist traditions, 500 BC Prince Gautama
Siddhartha, wandering as a monk, reached the sylvan banks of
Falgu River, near the city of Gaya. There he sat in meditation
under a bodhi tree. After three days and three nights of
meditation, Siddhartha attained enlightenment and insight, and
the answers that he had sought. He then spent seven weeks at
seven different spots in the vicinity meditating and
considering his experience. After seven weeks, he traveled to
Sarnath, where he began teaching Buddhism.
Disciples of Gautama Siddhartha began to visit the place where
he had gained enlightenment during the full moon in the month
of Vaisakh (April-May), as per the Hindu calendar. Over time,
the place became known as Bodhgaya, the day of enlightenment as
Buddha Purnima, and the tree as the Bodhi Tree.
As the place of the Buddhas Enlightenment, Bodhgaya is the
spiritual home of Buddhists. Located in Bihar, 115 kms from
Patna, the land is rich and fertile, dotted with green fields
and watered by the river Phalgu - the same ancient Nairanjana
River where the Buddha bathed after attaining enlightenment. A
range of low forested hills silhouette the small hamlets
flanking the glistening, sandy banks of the river. Monks and
nuns rub shoulders with tourists and believers from all over
the world. An all-pervading calm envelops the town, giving
visitors a sense of peace.
meandering river Banganga and five hills ensconce picturesque
Rajgir, ancient Rajgriha (literally, the abode of kings).
During the lifetime of the Buddha this was the capital of the
powerful Magadhan kingdom, ruled by the virtuous king
Bimbisara. Like many others in search of Truth, Prince
Siddhartha, after he renounced his royal heritage came to this
city to seek the path of salvation. Later, he overwhelmed the
citizens of Rajagriha with his serenity and grace and converted
King Bimbisara of Magadha and countless others to his religion.
The hills and caves surrounding Rajagriha were home to
spiritual teachers, ranging from the materialism of the early
Charavaka School to the metaphysics of Upanishadic
philosophers. In fact the first Buddhist council after the
Buddha was hosted here at the Saptaparni caves. It was Rajgir
which saw Gautam Buddha spending several months meditating, and
preaching at Griddhkuta, (‘Hill of the Vultures‘). He also
delivered some of his famous sermons. The rich merchant
community here soon became the Buddhas followers and built many
structures of typical Buddhist architecture.
-the most renowned university in ancient India derived its name
from Na-alam-da, meaning Insatiable in Giving, one of the names
by which the Lord Buddha was known. Nalanda was one of the
worlds first residential universities, i.e., it had dormitories
for students. In its heyday it accommodated over 10,000
students and 2,000 teachers. The university was considered an
architectural masterpiece, and was marked by a lofty wall and
one gate. The subjects taught at Nalanda University covered
every field of learning, and it attracted pupils and scholars
from Korea, Japan, China, Tibet, Indonesia, Persia and Turkey.
The Buddha is mentioned as having several times stayed at
Nalanda. When he visited Nalanda he would usually reside in
Pavarikas mango grove, and while there he had discussions with
Upali-Gahapati and Dighatapassi[, with Kevatta, and also
several conversations with Asibandhakaputta. The Buddha visited
Nalanda during his last tour through Magadha, and it was there
that Sariputta uttered his "lions roar, affirming his faith in
the Buddha, shortly before his death. Also, Nalanda was the
residence of Sonnadinna. Mahavira is several times mentioned as
staying at Nalanda, which was evidently a centre of activity of
city of Varanasi is situated along the west bank of the Ganges
in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Called Benaras by
the British, Varanasi is a holy city in Hinduism, being one of
the most sacred pilgrimage places for Hindus of all
denominations. More than 1,000,000 pilgrims visit the city each
year. The city finds mention in the great epics of Mahabharata
and Ramayana. The renowned American novelist Mark Twain once
wrote, " Benaras is older than history, older than tradition,
older even than legend and looks twice as old as all of them
put together." It has the holy shrine of Lord Kashi Vishwanath
(a manifestation of Lord Shiva), and also one of the twelve
revered Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva. According to mythology,
Lord Shiva once in fact lived in Kashi ( Varanasi ). Hindus
believe that bathing in Ganga remits sins and that dying in
Kashi ensures release of a persons soul from the cycle of its
Varanasi is one of the holiest places in Buddhism too. It was
believed that over twenty-five centuries ago, a sage travelled
200 kms from Bodhgaya, where he had attained Nirvana to reach
the ghats of Varanasi of Kashi as it was then called. The city
had seen saffron clad spiritual teachers before him, who came
here, drawn by its magnetic, inexplicable spiritual power. The
Sage was looking for five Hindu ascetics, old companions from
whom he had parted, because they had insisted that the only
path to salvation was through self-mortification. The Buddha
found them at Rishipattana, the Deer park near Kashi, and gave
them the gift of the spiritual knowledge which he had attained
since he parted with them, and they became his first followers,
and the first members of the Sangha.
Sarnath is located 13 kilometres north-east of Varanasi, in
Uttar Pradesh, India . It Sarnath (also Mrigadava, Migadaya,
Rishipattana, Isipatana) is the deer park where Gautama Buddha
first taught the Dharma, and where the Buddhist Sangha came
into existence through the enlightenment of Kondanna. Gautama
Buddha started teaching not to debate but for the advantage of
and out of compassion for human beings. He explained the middle
way which avoids extremes, the Four Noble Truths, and
prescribed the Eight-fold path.
There are remains dating as far back as the 3rd century B.C.
when Emperor Ashoka founded various institutions, stupas,
monasteries and pillar edicts. The runs at Sarnath and the art
collection in the Archaeological Museum are representations/
examples of the glorious past of Sarnath. Archaeological
remains are open from Sunrise to Sunset.
is a city in the eastern part of the state of Uttar Pradesh in
India, near the border with Nepal. It is the administrative
headquarters of Gorakhpur District and Gorakhpur Division.
Gorakhpur is famous as a religious centre: the city was home to
Buddhist, Hindu, Jain and Sikh saints and is named after the
medieval saint Gorakshanath. The city is also home to many
historic Buddhist sites.
Buddha, founder of Buddhism, renounced his princely clothing at
the confluence of the rivers Rapti and Rohini, near Gorakhpur ,
before setting out on his quest of truth in 600 BC. The city is
also associated with the travels of Lord Buddhas contemporary
Lord Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism
At this location, near the Hiranyavati River, Gautama Buddha
attained Parinirvana (or Final Nirvana) after falling ill from
eating a meal of a species of mushroom. It is said that the
Buddha had three reasons for coming to Kusinárá to die:
1. Because it was the proper venue for the preaching of the
2. Because Subhadda would visit him there and, after listening
to his sermon, would develop meditation and become an arahant
while the Buddha was still alive; and
3. Because the brahman Doha would be there, after the Buddhas
death, to solve the problem of the distribution of his relics.
As the scene of his death, Kusinara became one of the four holy
places declared by the Buddha (in the Mahaparinibbana Sutta) to
be fit places of pilgrimage for the pious, the other three
being Kapilavatthu, Buddhagaya and Isipatana.
Lumbini (meaning "the lovely") is a Buddhist pilgrimage site
located in Rupandehi District, Lumbini Zone of Nepal, near the
Indian border. It is the place where Mayadevi gave birth to
Siddhartha Gautama, who later became a Buddha (Gautama Buddha),
and founded the religion of Buddhism. Gautama Buddha lived
between approximately 563 BCE and 483 BCE. For Buddhists, this
is one of the four main pilgrimage sites based around the life
of Gautama Buddha, the other three being Kushinagar, Bodhgaya,
Lumbini is located 25 km east of the municipality of
Kapilavastu, the place where the Buddha grew up and lived up to
the age of 29. Kapilvastu is the name of place as well as the
neighbouring district. Lumbini has various Buddhist temples
including the Mayadevi temple. There is also the Puskarini pond
and remains of Kapilvastu palace in Lumbini. There are other
sites near Lumbini where, according to Buddhist tradition,
previous Buddhas were born and achieved enlightenment and died.
the capital of the ancient kingdom of Kosala , has the honour
for sheltering Buddha for 24 rainy seasons in the Jetvana
Gardens . The city believed to be founded by the mythological
king Sravast, has age-old stupas, majestic monasteries and
several temples. Buddha is said to have performed some miracles
This holy place also has the famous Anand Bodhi tree, an
offspring of the one, said to have been planted by Buddhas main
disciple. Another famous incident in Sravasti was - during the
time of Sakyamuni, Sudatta, a rich and pious merchant, lived in
Sravasti. While on a visit to Rajgir, he heard the Buddhas
sermon and decided to become the Lords disciple. But he was
caught in dilemma and asked the Lord whether he could become a
follower without forsaking worldly life. To his query, the
Master replied that it was enough that he followed his vocation
in a righteous manner.
Taj Mahal is one of the most famous buildings in the world, the
mausoleum of Shah Jahans favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It is one
of the New 7 Wonders of the world, and one of three World
Heritage Sites in Agra, the others being Agra Fort and Fatehpur
Completed in 1653 A.D., the Taj Mahal is believed to be built
by the Mughal Badshah (king) Shah Jahan as the final resting
place for his beloved wife, Mumtaz. Finished in marble, it is
perhaps Indias most fascinating and beautiful monument. This
perfectly symmetrical monument took 22 years (1630-1652) of
hard labour and 20,000 workers, masons and jewellers to build
and is set amidst landscaped gardens. Built by the Persian
architect, Ustad Isa, the Taj Mahal is on the bank of the
Yamuna River . It can be observed like a mirage from the Agra
Fort from where Emperor Shah Jahan stared at it, for the last
eight years his life as a prisoner of his son Aurangzeb. It is
a masterpiece of symmetry, seeming to be floating in the air
from a distance, and each revealed as an illusion experienced
as one enters through the main gate. Verses of the Holy Koran
are inscribed on it and at the top of gate 22 small domes,
signifying the number of years the monument took to build. The
Taj Mahal was built on a marble platform that stands above a
sandstone one. The most elegant dome of the Taj, with a
diameter of 60 feet, rises 80 feet over the building and
directly under the dome is the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal. Shah
Jahans tomb was erected next to hers by his son Aurangzeb.
Fantastic inlay works using semi-precious stones decorate the
All timings & details shown are for your guidance only.
Actual journey time depends on the road conditions, operational
Delhi – Gaya
( 990 kms )
15:00 hrs.– Assemble at the
Delhi Safdurjung Railway Station. Traditional Welcome and
check – in to your respective coaches.
16:00 hrs.– Departure of the train for Gaya. Evening
Tea & Dinner served on-board. Over night stay on-board.
Bodhgaya (16 kms)
Arrive at Gaya Railway Station early
morning. Disembark and assemble for boarding the coaches for
road journey of approx one hour to Bodhgaya.
Arrive at Bodhgaya Hotel and check-in. Wash & Change,
followed by the breakfast. After breakfast proceed by coach
for sightseeing of Bodhgaya including Mahabodhi Temple &
Return to the Hotel for lunch and relax for some time.
Proceed for sightseeing of Thai Temple, Japanese Temple and
Evening. – Return to Hotel, dinner and overnight stay
at hotel in Bodhgaya.
Nalanda – Rajgir – Gaya – Varanasi
05:00 hrs. – Early morning tea
& breakfast followed by checkout from the Hotel.
Departure for Rajgir by bus (85 Kms).
10:30 hrs. – Arrival at Rajgir. Sightseeing at Rajgir
of Bimbimsara Jail, Gridhakut hill, Venuvan.
12:30 hrs. – Proceed to a Restaurant in Rajgir for
lunch. After lunch, proceed to Nalanda for sightseeing
covering ruins of world famous Nalanda University &
16:00 hrs. – Depart back to Gaya Railway Station.
20:00 hrs. – Arrival at Gaya Railway Station and board
the train. Dinner on-board. Departure from Gaya at 2330 hrs
to Varanasi (220 kms) by train. Overnight stay on-board.
Sarnath – Gorakhpur
Early morning tea on-board and arrival
at Varanasi. Proceed to the hotel for wash & change
(room given only for wash & change) and breakfast.
After breakfast, visit Sarnath (10 kms) for to see Dhamekh
Stupa, Sarnath Museum, The Ashokan Pillar, Mulgandha Kuti
Afternoon – Lunch at the hotel. Followed by some free
time. Tourists can either opt for shopping or other
Evening – Visit to the river Ganges Ghat, Boat ride,
Evening Arti. Return to the Train.
20:00 hrs. – Arrival at the Varanasi Railway Station
and board the train Dinner on board. Departure for Gorakhpur
(224kms) at 23:30 hrs. Overnight stay on-board.
Early morning tea on board. Arrive at
Gorakhpur Railway Station. Proceed by coach to Hotel at
Arrive at the Hotel in Kushinagar and check-in. Breakfast at
the Hotel. After breakfast, visit Mahaparinirvan Temple,
Rambhar Stupa, Mata Kutir Temple etc.
Afternoon – Lunch at the Hotel. Evening participate in
a chanting and meditation session. (Subject to availability
of appropriate teachers/instructors).
Dinner and overnight stay at Hotel.
Lumbini – Gorakhpur
05:00 hrs. : Early morning tea and
breakfast at the hotel.
06:00 hrs. – Check-out of the Hotel and proceed to
Lumbini. (Nepal) by bus. Tourists must obtain the Nepal visa
from their respective countries. Otherwise, lot of time
required at the border to process the visa.
Arrive Lumbini and proceed to a hotel / restaurant for
Lunch. Visit Lumbini including Maya Devi Temple, Ashokan
Pillar and Pushkarni lake.
16:00 hrs – Departure for Gorakhpur. Arrive Gorakhpur
Railway Station. Board at around 20:30 hrs and board the
Dinner on-board, Depart by train to Gonda at 23:30 hrs.
Overnight stay on-board.
Sravasti – Gonda – Agra
Early morning tea on-board and arrival
at Gonda Railway Station. Departure for Sravasti (65kms) by
bus. Arrival at the hotel, wash & change (room given
only for wash & change) and breakfast.
Afternoon – Lunch at the Hotel and proceed to back to
Gonda railway station to board the train.
17:00 hrs – Arrival at the Gonda Railway Station to
board the Train. Depart by train to Agra (450 kms) at 18:00
hrs. Evening Tea and dinner served on-board. Overnight stay
Agra – Delhi
Early morning tea, wash & fresh
and breakfast on-board.
After breakfast, proceed for the sight-seeing of the World
famous Taj Mahal.
12:30 hrs. – Proceed to the Agra Railway Station.
Departure by train for New Delhi (220 kms) at 14:15 hrs.
Onboard lunch and evening tea.
Arrival at the Delhi Safdarjung Railway Station at
approximately 18:30 hrs.
Journey by Exclusive Air-conditioned Train as per the
Road transport by AC coaches as per the itinerary.
Sightseeing as per the itinerary.
Accommodation as per the itinerary.
Meals as per the itinerary.
English / Hindi speaking Tour Escort.
Entrance fees of monuments/sightseeing trips as per the
does not Include:-
India and Nepal visa fees
Items of personal nature, e.g. Laundry, Medicine,
Alcoholic drinks etc.
Road Transfers to and from Delhi-Safdarjung Railway
Hotel stay in Delhi before & after the trip, air
ticket, visa charges etc.
Any other services not mentioned in ‘Package Price
Fees for Still/ Flash Video camera at the monuments and
Class of Travel
October 2009 to March 2010 (per
First AC Coupe
AC – First Class
AC – Two Tier
AC – Three Tier
1. First AC Coupe consist only two
passengers sharing a cabin during the train journey.
2. Tour costs mentioned above are based
on per person per night on twin sharing. Half fare for children
between 5 and 12 years of age with bed in the same room
(Age proof of children is to be furnished, which is required at
the time of issuance of tickets)
3. The above
rates are subject to change on the basis of currency fluctuation.
Hotel Single Occupancy :
Passenger who would like to have Single
occupancy i.e. do not wish to share the room with anyone else
should choose the option at the time of booking
by paying additional amount of US$ 50 per night or US$ 200 for
the full tour.
Note: - Single Occupancy
is not be applicable for Train journey.
India is tropical country with different and extreme
climatic conditions which are witnessed from month to month. It is advisable to carry clothes
suitable to a tropical climate and medium & heavy woollens
during winter time.
Time difference – India follows + 05:30hrs
Currency - US$ 1 = INR 47 (approx)
days before commencement of Trip*
45 Days and
above(excluding departure date)
10% of the Package cost.
Within a period
of 44 to 15 Days (excluding departure date)
25% of the package cost
Within a period
of 14 to 7 Days (excluding of Departure Date)
50% of the package cost
period of 7 Days or before the scheduled date of departure
100% of the package cost
the day of start of journey.
The accommodation booked under this ticket is not transferable.
The voucher is to be carried by the passenger during the journey
along with the above photo identity card in original and is valid only when presented with this
photo identity card. If the relevant photo identity card is not
accompanied with this voucher, it will be considered as
ticket-less travel and treated accordingly.
The exact train timings are subject to minor modifications. All
the travelling passengers must reconfirm the timings with IRCTC,
corporate office before the start
of their journey.
On demand from ticket checking staff the passenger should produce
this voucher along with the above mentioned photo identity card.
All Foreign Tourists other than Indian Passport Holders must have
valid Multiple Entry Indian visa for visiting Nepal during the tour.
All Foreign Tourists other than Indian Passport Holders must have
valid Nepal visa. In case foreign tourists are unable to process their Nepal visa before
joining the tour, IRCTC will facilitate visa processing at the
entry post. Such passengers should carry 2 passport size photographs
with them.The visa fees if any will be paid by the passengers
Indian Nationals must carry a government issued photo identity
card (passport, driving license, PAN card etc.) for Nepal visit.
IRCTC reserves the right to refuse booking or travel of any
passenger without assigning any reason.
No refund or adjustment will be made in the event of interruption
/ non-use of full or any part of the tour or tour service by a tourist on his own after the
commencement of the tour or closure of a sightseeing place or
monument due any unknown reasons or closure on account of
the decision /order of the local municipal administration /any
other government authority / unforeseen events,
circumstances, situations etc.
In case any sightseeing being missed on account of the delay in
local transportation buses / train due to the reasons beyond our control, no refund shall be
Being a group tour, passengers would be required to share the bus
/ buses and train accommodation with other passengers. In case any passenger /
passengers wish to travel in separate bus/buses, he/she should
inform IRCTC at least one month in advance. IRCTC would try to make
appropriate arrangement for which passenger / passengers would be
required to make additional payment. For the
smooth operation of the tour, passengers would need to adhere to
the instructions given by the Tour Manager from time to time.
As per the tour program, this tour involves few long road
journeys also. Due to inadequate infrastructure (toilets etc.)
en-route, passengers may get little
uncomfortable. However, efforts will be made to give breaks at
the appropriate places and as & when required by the tourists.
Train / Road journey time may exceed the expected travel time due
to unforeseen circumstances such as traffic jams, break down of buses etc. This may
result in late meal service, shortened / late/or no sightseeing
Meals in hotels and on train are of pre-fixed menus and are
generally decided keeping the palate of the overall tourists. Menus according to the specific
preferences would not be possible.
As per the tour itinerary, hotel rooms at certain places are only
provided for wash & change purpose. Passengers should not expect rooms to given to them
for longer duration. Check–in at hotel rooms at certain
places may be delayed to the due delay from hotel in providing the
AC First class – has cabins with 4 berths (two lower
& two upper). The cabins can be locked from inside as it has
a sliding door.
AC First class Coupe – has cabins with 2 berths (one lower
& one upper). The cabins can be locked from inside as it has a sliding door
AC Two Tier –has open cabins with 6 seats (Four on one side
of the pathway and two on other side). Four seats cabin has two lower & two upper
berths. The cabin does not have door and instead has a curtain.
Two Seats (one lower & one upper) are on the other side of the
pathway. These two seats also have curtains.
AC Three Tier -has open cabins with 8 seats (Six on one side of
the pathway and two on other side). Six seats cabin has two lower, two middle & two
upper berths. This cabin neither has door nor a curtain. Two
Seats (one lower & one upper) are on the side of the pathway.
is a limited storage place inside the train. The luggage can be
placed under the seats / berths while on train. Hence, passengers are advised to travel
with minimum luggage.
Passengers are required to take care of their luggage /
belongings themselves. IRCTC will not be responsible for any loss
or damage of any of the luggage /
belongings at the Railway Stations / Train / Bus / Hotels etc.
It is the responsibility of the tourist to carefully read and
fully understand all the terms and conditions / services to be offered / type of services to be
offered etc. of this tour before making booking. In case of any
doubts / clarifications, the same should be cleared with IRCTC
before making the booking.
The journeys are well planned in advance. We reserve the right to
make changes to the programme if necessary at any point of time. Should the minimum number
of passengers not be met or due to certain operational reasons
& conditions, we reserve the right to cancel the
departure or amend the same. Most of the changes made by us would
be minor, but on certain occasions there could be possibility of
making significant change. A change is defined as significant if
it involves change of date or destination. In such an
eventuality, we would inform the passengers on the contact
details given by them in their booking forms. In such cases, we would inform
you as soon as possible and provide you following solutions :
the changed arrangements or transferring your tour to another
available tour date.
or accepting the cancellation where you will receive a refund of
payment without interest remitted to us. However, there will be no refund of any
service such as pre /post tour accommodation, airline tickets,
visa charges etc. that have been booked by you and
/or your travel agent.